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  • Classical Social Theory

    Ian Craib compellingly shows the value of studying classic thinkers such as Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel alongside the more popular contemporary questions. Providing an account of the key ideas of classical social theory, Dr Craib establishes their relevance today, their enduring significance, and their contribution to understanding contemporary problems. Written in a direct, personal style, Classical Social Theory's thematic structure helps the reader compare the theorists systematically, and the book-by-book approach pays close attention to each thinker's key texts, quoting the most important passages and analysing them in a clear, straightforward way. Other student-friendly features include: * biographical details and an elementary overview of the work of Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel * Dramatis Personae with brief details of the life and thought of other relevant thinkers * Glossary covering important terms and phrases used in the text Classical Social Theory is an indispensable guide to the key thinkers in Sociology for anyone new to the subject.

  • Euler's Pioneering Equation: The most beautiful theorem in mathematics

    In 1988 The Mathematical Intelligencer, a quarterly mathematics journal, carried out a poll to find the most beautiful theorem in mathematics. Twenty-four theorems were listed and readers were invited to award each a 'score for beauty'. While there were many worthy competitors, the winner was 'Euler's equation'. In 2004 Physics World carried out a similar poll of 'greatest equations', and found that among physicists Euler's mathematical result came second only to Maxwell's equations. The Stanford mathematician Keith Devlin reflected the feelings of many in describing it as "like a Shakespearian sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting which brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence". What is it that makes Euler's identity, e]iPi + 1 = 0, so special? In Euler's Pioneering Equation Robin Wilson shows how this simple, elegant, and profound formula links together perhaps the five most important numbers in mathematics, each associated with a story in themselves: the number 1, the basis of our counting system; the concept of zero, which was a major development in mathematics, and opened up the idea of negative numbers; *p an irrational number, the basis for the measurement of circles; the exponential e, associated with exponential growth and logarithms; and the imaginary number i, the square root of -1, the basis of complex numbers. Following a chapter on each of the elements, Robin Wilson discusses how the startling relationship between them was established, including the several near misses to the discovery of the formula.

  • Strategic Reframing: The Oxford Scenario Planning Approach

    Traditional strategy assumes stability and predictability. Today's world is better characterised by turbulence, uncertainty, novelty and ambiguity - conditions that contribute disruptive changes and trigger the search for new ways of coping. This book aims to become the premier guide on how to do scenario planning to support strategy and public policy. Co-authored by three experts in the field, the book presents The Oxford Scenario Planning Approach (OSPA). The approach is both intellectually rigorous and practical. Methodological choices and theoretical aspects in practice are detailed in reference to the relevant literatures and grounded in 6 case studies the authors have been involved with. The book makes several contributions to the field, centred on how learning with scenario planning is supported by re-framing and re-perception; how this iterative process can be embedded in corporate or government settings, and how it helps those that it supports to do well in today's world. The book is written in an accessible style and will be a useful introductory text as well as a useful guide for the more experienced scenario planning practitioner and scholar.

  • Textual Events: Performance and the Lyric in Early Greece

    Recent decades have seen a major expansion in our understanding of how early Greek lyric functioned in its social, political, and ritual contexts, and the fundamental role song played in the day-to-day lives of communities, groups, and individuals has been the object of intense study. This volume places its focus elsewhere, and attempts to illuminate poetic effects that cannot be captured in functional terms alone. Employing a range of interpretative methods, it explores the idea of lyric performances as 'textual events'. Some chapters investigate the pragmatic relationship between real performance contexts and imaginative settings, while others consider how lyric poems position themselves in relation to earlier texts and textual traditions, or discuss the distinctive encounters lyric poems create between listeners, authors, and performers. Individual lyric texts and authors, such as Sappho, Alcaeus, and Pindar, are analysed in detail, alongside treatments of the relationship between lyric and the Homeric Hymns. Building on the renewed concern with the aesthetic in the study of Greek lyric and beyond, Textual Events aims to re-examine the relationship between the poems' formal features and their historical contexts. Lyric poems are a type of socio-political discourse, but they are also objects of attention in themselves. They enable reflection on social and ritual practices as much as they are embedded within them. As well as expressing cultural norms, lyric challenges listeners to think about and experience the world afresh.

  • Made in Africa: Industrial Policy in Ethiopia

    Made in Africa presents the findings of original field research into the design, practice, and varied outcomes of industrial policy in the cement, leather and leather products, and floriculture sectors in Ethiopia. It explores how and why the outcomes of industrial policy are shaped by particular factors in these industries. It also examines industrial structures and associated global value chains to demonstrate the challenges faced by African firms in international markets. The findings are discussed against the backdrop of 'industrial policy', which has recently found renewed favour among economists and international organizations, and of the history of thought about and practice in industrialization. The book seeks to learn from the failures and successes in the three sectors, all of them functioning under the umbrella of a single industrial strategy. It argues that an effective industrial policy requires a more interventionist state than most development economists would accept, including those recently claiming to champion a 'new industrial policy'. Moreover, it argues that success lies in the interactions among policy, specific industrial structures, and institutions. Specifically, a successful policy, he posits should maximize linkage effects, but will founder in the absence of a clear understanding of the political economy of each sector.

  • International Money: Postwar Trends and Theories

    The period since the Second World war has been an eventful and often disturbing one in the international monetary field. Economic theories have been propounded and modified both to explain these events and to influence future choices made by economic actors. This history of international monetary relations shows both how theoretical development affected private developments, and how the theories themselves have been judged - and often discarded - on the basis of their perceived accordance with actuality. Exchange rate movements in particular are examined in the light of the absence of any generally accepted fundamental model, and the author deploys here his own theory based on the idea of bounded rationality. Finally, he looks ahead to future possibilities for the international monetary system. New in the Second Edition Fully revised and updated Includes an account of the EMS up till the end of 1995 Fuller theoretical coverage of fixed exchange rate systems, including the modelling of speculative attacks Covers chaos theory and near0rational behaviour Includes new sections on: speculators and speculative bubbles; target zones and other proposals for international monetary reform; the importance of free capital mobility and proposals to control capital movements.

  • The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

    Until 1919, European wars were settled without post-war trials, and individuals were not punishable under international law. After World War One, European jurists at the Paris Peace Conference developed new concepts of international justice to deal with violations of the laws of war. Though these were not implemented for political reasons, later jurists applied these ideas to other problems, writing new laws and proposing various types of courts to maintain the post-World War One political order. They also aimed to enhance internal state security, address states' failures to respect minority rights, or rectify irregularities in war crimes trials after World War Two. The Birth of the New Justice shows that legal organizations were not merely interested in ensuring that the guilty were punished or that international peace was assured. They hoped to instill particular moral values, represent the interests of certain social groups, and even pursue national agendas. When jurists had to scale back their projects, it was not only because state governments opposed them. It was also because they lacked political connections and did not build public support for their ideas. In some cases, they decided that compromises were better than nothing. Rather than arguing that new legal projects were spearheaded by state governments motivated by "liberal legalism," Mark Lewis shows that legal organizations had a broad range of ideological motives - liberal, conservative, utopian, humanitarian, nationalist, and particularist. The International Law Association, the International Association of Penal Law, the World Jewish Congress, and the International Committee of the Red Cross transformed the concept of international violation to deal with new political and moral problems. They repeatedly altered the purpose of an international criminal court, sometimes dropping it altogether when national courts seemed more pragmatic.

  • The Fin De Siècle: A Reader in Cultural History, c. 1880-1900

    The fin-de-siecle period-roughly the years 1880 to 1900-was characterized by great cultural and political ambivalence, an anxiety for things lost, and a longing for the new. It also included an outpouring of intellectual responses to the conflicting times from such eminent writers as T. H. Huxley, Emma Goldman, William James, H. G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, and Oscar Wilde. In this important anthology, Ledger and Luckhurst make available to students, scholars, and general readers a large body of non-literary texts which richly configure the variegated cultural history of the fin-de-siecle years. That history is here shown to inaugurate many enduring critical and cultural concerns, with sections on Degeneration, Outcast London, The Metropolis, The New Woman, Literary Debates, The New Imperialism, Socialism, Anarchism, Scientific Naturalism, Psychology, Psychical Research, Sexology, Anthropology, and Racial Science. Each section begins with an Introduction and closes with Editorial Notes that carefully situate individual texts within a wider cultural landscape.

  • Copyright User Rights: Contracts and the Erosion of Property

    This is the first book to offer an in-depth investigation of the unsettled nature, scope and dynamics of copyright user rights in an increasingly dematerialized environment. Combining a detailed theoretical framework with practical applications, the book provides a comprehensive perspective on copyright user rights, exploring the nature of commercial copies of copyright works, of exceptions to copyright infringement, and how they are shaped to a large extent by traditional concepts of private law (e.g. property, goods, services, sales, and licences). Using property and contract law and theory, it addresses the competing interests of copyright holders and users in the same object, and points out the double standards in how the rights of copyright holders and copyright users are dealt with. It argues that the property component of user rights has been largely neglected and needs to be brought to the fore, to give the protection that users deserve, without neglecting the rights users should have as they increasingly experience copyright works through services. With the onset of an increasingly digital age, it emphasises how traditional concepts of private law need to adapt for adequately dealing with the dematerialization of copies of copyright works and user rights. It proposes a clearer view on the justification and nature of user rights, with possible gradations of powers for users, and suggests how courts and legislatures may address contract terms that weaken user rights. This book provides vital tools for law- and policy-makers worldwide who seek to achieve the proper balance between the competing rights and interests of copyright holders, copyright users, and the public domain.

  • Stochastic Processes and Random Matrices: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 104, July 2015

    The field of stochastic processes and Random Matrix Theory (RMT) has been a rapidly evolving subject during the last fifteen years. The continuous development and discovery of new tools, connections and ideas have led to an avalanche of new results. These breakthroughs have been made possible thanks, to a large extent, to the recent development of various new techniques in RMT. Matrix models have been playing an important role in theoretical physics for a long time and they are currently also a very active domain of research in mathematics. An emblematic example of these recent advances concerns the theory of growth phenomena in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class where the joint efforts of physicists and mathematicians during the last twenty years have unveiled the beautiful connections between this fundamental problem of statistical mechanics and the theory of random matrices, namely the fluctuations of the largest eigenvalue of certain ensembles of random matrices. This text not only covers this topic in detail but also presents more recent developments that have emerged from these discoveries, for instance in the context of low dimensional heat transport (on the physics side) or integrable probability (on the mathematical side).

  • The Fourth Revolution: How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality

    Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed into our 'real' lives so that we begin to live, as Floridi puts in, "onlife". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. "Onlife" defines more and more of our daily activity - the way we shop, work, learn, care for our health, entertain ourselves, conduct our relationships; the way we interact with the worlds of law, finance, and politics; even the way we conduct war. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. How can we ensure that we shall reap their benefits? What are the implicit risks? Are our technologies going to enable and empower us, or constrain us? Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities, putting the 'e' in an environmentalism that can deal successfully with the new challenges posed by our digital technologies and information society.

  • Rethinking Management Information Systems: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

    This book examines influential ideas within Management Information Systems (MIS). Leading international contributors summarize key topics and explore a variety of issues currently being discussed in the field. They re-visit influential ideas such as socio-technical theory, systems thinking, and structuration theory and demonstrate their relevance to newer ideas such as re-engineering, hybrid management, knowledge workers, and outsourcing. In locating MIS within an interdisciplinary context, particularly in the light of rapid technological changes, this book will form the link between past and future approaches to MIS.

  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery has been designed to provide succinct information to plastic surgeons of all levels of experience and trainees in partner specialties. The layout is contemporary with the concise information laid out in a readable style. There are descriptions of important operations and techniques with space to add the reader's own notes. It provides an up-to-date record of current practice for each reader in a compact and easily transportable format. Uniquely for this class of book there are over one hundred and fifty illustrations conveying key anatomical points and operative detail. This is ideal either as a refresher or to revise essential facts. For medical students with a short attachment to, and junior doctors in, plastic surgery, this book will provide all the information they will need to know, including all relevant aspects related to the surgical syllabus on which they may be examined. In addition there is practical information on the emergency care of plastic surgery and burns patients. There is comprehensive advice for the ward management of patients both pre- and post- surgery. For a specialist trainee, the book acts as the ideal revision text, covering the whole field of plastic surgery. It has been designed to act as a summary of the important points examined in the plastic surgery FRCS exam. For a consultant there are easily accessible facts, particularly on staging and survival data, which allows them to keep abreast of the current level of knowledge of their juniors. There are enlarged sections on hand surgery and lower limb trauma, relevant to all orthopaedic trainees. The flap section is also expanded and relevant to a variety of specialties.

  • The Present Perfective Paradox across Languages

    This book presents an analysis of how speakers of typologically diverse languages report present-time situations. It begins from the assumption that there is a restriction on the use of the present tense to report present-time dynamic/perfective situations, while with stative/imperfective situations there are no such alignment problems. Astrid De Wit brings together cross-linguistic observations from English, French, the English-based creole language Sranan, and various Slavic languages, and relates them to the same phenomenon, the 'present perfective paradox'. The proposed analysis is founded on the assumption that there is an epistemic alignment constraint preventing the identification and reporting of events in their entirety at the time of speaking. This book discusses the various strategies that the aforementioned languages have developed to resolve this conceptual difficulty, and demonstrates that many of the features of their tense-aspect systems can be regarded as the result of this conflict resolution. It also offers cognitively plausible explanations for the conceptual structures underlying the interactions attested between tense and aspect.

  • Kidner's Casebook on Torts

    Kidner's Casebook on Torts is the essential companion for undergraduate tort law students, providing a comprehensive portable library of leading cases in the field. Kirsty Horsey and Ericka Rackley, authors of the best-selling tort law textbook, combine their talents again to update Kidner's popular casebook; bringing together an impressive range of carefully edited extracts and combining insightful commentary with questions and annotated cases to help your students identify and analyse the key elements of each case. The text is supported by online resources which provide a comprehensive suite of resources, including downloadable annotated cases, flashcard glossary, and web links and video clips of current items.

  • Blackstone's Criminal Practice 2017

    Led by Professor David Ormerod QC (Hon) and David Perry QC, our team of authors has been hand-picked to ensure that you can trust our unique combination of authority and practicality With a simultaneous supplement containing essential materials, you can rely on Blackstone's Criminal Practice to be your constant companion through every courtroom appearance This new edition has been meticulously revised to provide extensive coverage of all new legislation, case law, and Practice Direction. With supplements, free Quarterly Updates, and monthly web updates, you can trust Blackstone's Criminal Practice to provide reassurance on all the latest developments in criminal law and procedure.

  • Principles of Public International Law

    The second edition of this work was awarded the Certificate of Merit of the American Society of International Law. The third edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect recent developments in various areas.

  • Social: Why our brains are wired to connect

    Why are we influenced by the behaviour of complete strangers? Why does the brain register similar pleasure when I perceive something as 'fair' or when I eat chocolate? Why can we be so profoundly hurt by bereavement? What are the evolutionary benefits of these traits? The young discipline of 'social cognitive neuroscience' has been exploring this fascinating interface between brain science and human behaviour since the late 1990s. Now one of its founding pioneers, Matthew D. Lieberman, presents the discoveries that he and fellow researchers have made. Using fMRI scanning and a range of other techniques, they have been able to see that the brain responds to social pain and pleasure the same way as physical pain and pleasure; and that unbeknown to ourselves, we are constantly 'mindreading' other people so that we can fit in with them. It is clear that our brains are designed respond to and be influenced by others. For good evolutionary reasons, he argues, we are wired to be social. The implications are numerous and profound. Do we have to rethink what we understand by identity, and free will? How can managers improve the way their teams relate and perform? Could we organize large social institutions in ways that would work far better? And could there be whole new methods of education?

  • EU Law Directions

    Do you know the differences between the national legal systems and those of the EU? Struggling to makes sense of free movement? EU Law Directions tackles these and many more questions, introducing you to this exciting area of law. The Directions series has been written with students in mind. The ideal guide as they approach the subject for the first time, this book will help them: - Gain a complete understanding of the topic: just the right amount of detail conveyed clearly - Understand the law in context: with scene-setting introductions and highlighted case extracts, the practical importance of the law becomes clear - Identify when and how to critically evaluate the law: they'll be introduced to the key areas of debate and given the confidence to question the law - Deepen and test knowledge: visually engaging learning and self-testing features aid understanding and help students tackle assessments with confidence - Elevate their learning: with the ground-work in place you can aspire to take your learning to the next level, with direction provided on how to go further This text is also accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre which includes the following features: - An interactive timeline showing the key moments in EU legal history - An interactive map illustrating the development of the EU and providing essential background knowledge - Self-test questions with instant feedback - Video clips from the European Commission - Suggested approaches to end of chapter questions - Study and exam tips - Updates to the law - Useful weblinks

  • Oxford Handbook of Palliative Care

    The Oxford Handbook of Palliative Care returns for a third edition, maintaining the concise yet comprehensive format suited to the busy practitioner for quick access to key information, and fully updated to reflect changes in the palliative care landscape. Featuring an increased emphasis on non-malignant diseases such as dementia, this authoritative text combines evidence-based care with the bedside experience of experienced palliative care professionals to give the reader a complete overview of the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of care for the end-of-life patient. Symptom management is covered in detail, with updated formulary tables and syringe driver protocols, and a new chapter on international perspectives to broaden the reader's perception of methods for delivering end-of-life care. The third edition of the Oxford Handbook of Palliative Care is the essential companion for all of those working with adults, children, and families with palliative care needs, in both hospital and community settings. The following correction has been made online and will be included in the first reprint. Readers can get in touch with us directly using the contact details on the back of the book or at our online form via the address below with questions or comments: https://global.oup.com/academic/category/medicine-and-health Chapter 5. Page 109 The dose for Hyoscine butylbromide sc has been amended in line with NICE guidance (https://bnf.nice.org.uk/drug/hyoscine-butylbromide.html): '20-120 mg 4 hourly' has been corrected to '20-80mg 4 hourly'.

  • Market Abuse Regulation

    Market Abuse Regulation is a wide-ranging and insightful analysis of the market abuse regime and the applications of the regulations in the UK and European Union. It provides detailed discussion of the implementation and interpretation of the regulation, the conduct of investigations, the defences and appeals available against a finding of market abuse, and overlapping United States regulation. The new edition explains and evaluates the changes introduced by the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive , the Market Abuse Directive, the Market Abuse Regulation, and the implementation of the Regulation on Wholesale Market Integrity and Transparency, which have resulted in dramatic expansion of the coverage of EU market abuse regulation. It addresses the regulation of additional financial instruments, the expansion to include new markets and trading facilities, and changes to the coverage of commodity derivatives and physical commodities. It discusses the dramatic changes to the format of regulation as a result of the restructuring of UK regulators; as well as the addition of new EU supervisory bodies with revised powers over national regulation within the EU. Beyond the EU, it discusses international protocols and treaties which have also added to the regulatory structure.

  • A Dictionary of Law

    This bestselling dictionary is an authoritative and comprehensive source of jargon-free legal information. It contains over 4,800 entries that clearly define the major terms, concepts, processes, and the organization of the English legal system. Now in its ninth edition, it has been fully updated to incorporate recent case law and the latest legislation, such as the Modern Slavery Act 2015, the Brexit legislation, and changes in consumer, tax, and family law. Over 100 new entries have been added, including Article 50, Brexit, the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013, and intercountry adoption. In addition, there is a useful Writing and Citation Guide that specifically addresses problems and established conventions for writing legal essays and reports. Now providing more information than ever before, this edition features recommended web links for many entries, which are accessed and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Law companion website. Described by leading university lecturers as 'the best law dictionary' and 'excellent for non-law students as well as law undergraduates', this classic dictionary is an invaluable source of legal reference for professionals, students, and anyone else needing succinct clarification of legal terms. Focusing primarily on English law, it also provides a one-stop source of information for any of the many countries that base their legal system on English law.

  • Contract Law Revision Pack 2015: Law revision and study guide

    These two revision and study guides have been packaged together to offer great value for students looking to get the most out of their revision. Contract Law Concentrate is the essential revision and study guide for law students looking to consolidate knowledge and achieve the best possible marks in their exams. Providing clear, succinct coverage of the key topics, it enables you to quickly grasp the fundamental principles of this area of law and excel in exams. Q&A Law of Contract offers expert advice on what to expect from your exam, how best to prepare, and guidance on what examiners are really looking for, including advice on structuring a first class answer, avoiding common exam mistakes and making your answer stand out from the crowd.

  • Card, Cross & Jones Criminal Law

    With a reputation for being one of the very best introductory texts on the substantive criminal law in England and Wales, Card, Cross & Jones Criminal Law remains a firm favourite with lecturers and students alike. Carefully developed coverage ensures that this textbook will support students throughout their study, helping to advance their understanding of the key principles governing criminal law. Designed for use on undergraduate courses and graduate diplomas in law, discussion of case law as well as hypothetical examples and key point summaries guide students through the technicalities of this fascinating area of law. Online Resource Centre An Online Resource Centre providing web links and detailed updates at least twice a year to help students keep pace with all the latest developments in criminal law.